Pink eye also known as conjunctivitis is characterized by an inflammation of the tissue on the surface of the eye or the lining inside the eyelids.
The typical causes of this infection are:
– Microbes like bacteria and virus.
– Inflammatory triggers like chemicals, fumes, dust and debris.
– Oral genital contact with a person suffering from a sexually transmitted disease like chlamydia, gonorrhea, or herpes.
Who’s At Risk?
Pink eye is a very common occurrence worldwide. Almost every person has at one point in time suffered from it. It is normally caused due to an irritant or gets the infection from someone else. Anyone irrespective of age, sex, ethnicity and race can be affected by it. However, there are factors that increase the chance of getting the infection. They are as follows:
– Not following proper hygiene, not washing hands properly.
– Not using adequate protection when working in a dusty or fume filled environment.
– Exposure to allergens like weeds, mold, specific perfumes, etc.
Signs and Symptoms:
Pink Eyes generally affects both the eyes.Pink Eye is generally characterized by the following symptoms:-
– The eyes usually get red and have a constant irritated feeling.
– Most of the time, there is a discharge from the eyes like tears, mucous or pus.
– Eyes during these times become very sensitive to bright light.
– There is a burning feeling, itching and in some cases pain.
– Due to the mucous discharge, the eyelids may stick together in the morning before waking up.
– There might be a certain blurring of the vision as well.
In order to manage signs and symptoms of pink eye, try these treatment measures:
- Apply a damp compress over your eyes. Keep your eyes closed and gently press. A warm compress is the most suitable option
- Use over-the-counter eye drops or artificial tears to alleviate discomfort. Eye drops with antihistamines can help relieve allergic conjunctivitis
- Stop using contact lenses. People with conjunctivitis need to stop wearing contacts until symptoms disappear. Ask your doctor if you have to throw away your contacts if they are disposable as well as the lens case and the cleaning solution.
Pink eye is very contagious. Hence, one should take certain measures to stop the infection from spreading.
– Keep your hands lean and hygienic and wash them frequently to sop the infection from spreading.
– Keep your cloths, towels, handkerchiefs, etc., separate from others.
– In case of itching apply cold compresses
– In case of severe mucous discharge, apply warm compresses.
– Wash your eyelids and wash off the debris.
– Do not rub your eyes.
– Do not share your glasses and lenses with anyone else.
Certain over the counter available medicines can sooth the irritation in your eyes. Since, it is mostly a viral infection; it will go away on its own in 7-10 days. No medication is usually required. However, if you feel the symptoms are worsening like the pain is severe, vision is worsening, there are blisters on the eyelids, etc., consult your doctor immediately.